William Bonson c1773 - 1823

Bonson

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hoxton mapWilliam Bonson

William Bonson was born about 1773, died on 3 Jan 1823 in Hoxton, London, about age 50, and was buried on 10 Jan 1823 in St Leonards Churchyard Shoreditch London. 

He was a butcher & Dairyman of 18/21 Union Crescent, Hoxton, London

His first marriage was to  Mary Taylor (born Healey), widow, of the parish of St Leonards by banns 11th June 1798 at the age of 25, in the presence of William Windsor and Sarah Healey. Both the witnesses and the bride and groom made their mark. They had 5 children in 10 years.

Her previous marriage had been to  James TAYLOR on 1 Apr 1793 at  Spitalfields Christ Church, Stepney, London.. He was described as an Exciseman - working to collect tax.

The Children from the marriage of William and Mary were:

  1. Elisabeth Bonson was born in Feb 1799 and was christened on 24 Feb 1799 in St Leonards, Shoreditch, London. 
  2. David Bonson was born Jun 1802 and was christened on 11 Jun 1802 in St Leonards, Shoreditch, London. 
  3. Mary Ann Bonson was born by Oct 1808 and was christened on 9 Oct 1808 in St Leonards, Shoreditch, London. 
  4. Lucy Bonson was born by Oct 1808 and was christened on 9 Oct 1808 in St Leonards, Shoreditch, London. 
  5. Eliza Bonson was born by Oct 1808 and was christened on 9 Oct 1808 in St Leonards, Shoreditch, London. 

 

William next married Ann Sumner, daughter of Joseph Sumner and Margaret, on 26 Jul 1813 in St Leonards, Shoreditch, London by banns in the presence of Elizabeth Rockwell & Mary Sumner to Ann Rockwell. She was described as a  widow and he was a widower. Ann signed, William made his mark.

She was born in Eastwick in Hertfordshire, and was first married on 8th May 1802 to John Rockwell a customs and exciseman at St Gorges, Hannover Square, in London. Both were able to sign the register. She was approximately 27 years old. They had at least one child, John Henry who was 7 when his mother remarried.

1827 St. Leonard's, ShoreditchWhen she remarried in 1813 to William Bonson, she was about 38, he was about 40.

They then had 3 children in 6 years. The children from this second marriage were:

  1. William Bonson was born on 14 Jan 1816 in 21 Union Crescent, Hoxton, London and was christened on 7 Feb 1816 in St Leonards, Shoreditch, London. 
  2. Abraham Bonson was born on 24 Sep 1818 in 21 Union Crescent, Hoxton, London, was christened on 14 Oct 1818 in St John The Baptist, Hoxton, London, died on 25 Dec 1862 in London, at age 44, and was buried in Nunhead Cemetary, New Cross, London. 
  3. Ann Bonson was born in 1819 in Hoxton, London and was christened on 26 Sep 1819 in Shoreditch, St Leonards, London. 

Then in 1823 at the age of 48 she was widowed with children of 7, 5 and 4. William died at the age of 49 and was buried in the churchyard of St Leonards, Shoreditch. His death is recorded in the family bible, probably by Abraham;

Bonson Bible 1a
"Father died Jany 3rd 1823"

Whilst the burial records of St Leonards Church, Shoreditch record William Bonsons death in 1823 as a butcher, the 1816 and 1818 baptismal records of two of his children give his occupation as a milkman, which was also his widows occupation.

By the time of the 1841 census the children appear to have left home;

1841 census, 21 Union Crescent, Union Street

  • Ann Bonson, aged 67 a Milk Dealer not born in this county
  • John Rockwell, aged about 35 a Porter, not born in this county
  • Charles Petit, aged about 36, an Egg merchant born in this county
  • Edward Hughes aged about 25 a Vellum Binder born in this county

booth map hoxton

The ‘Booth Survey of social conditions in London would describe Union Crescent 50 years later as ‘25 houses 2 storied with an old trough and an old unused pump in the middle. Hackney Rd Mission at the South end. It was colour coded Purple to pink which meant that the inhabitants could be described as; Purple: Regular standard earnings, 22s to 30s per week for regular work, fairly comfortable. As a rule the wives do not work, but the children do: the boys commonly following the father, the girls taking local trades or going out to service, or Pink: Higher class labour and the best paid of the artisans. Earnings exceed 30s per week. Foremen are included, city warehousemen of the better class and first hand lightermen; they are usually paid for responsibility and are men of good character and much intelligence. Above the line of poverty

 

 

Ten years later Ann had moved in with her son and his family;

milkmaid1851 Census - 1 Margaret Place, Bland Street, Newington - taken the night of 30th March 1851

  • Abraham Bonson, head, married, age 32 an upholsterer born at Shoreditch in Middlesex
  • Emma Bonson, wife, age 35 born in Derbyshire
  • Abraham Bonson, son aged 10, born at Shoreditch in Middlesex
  • Emma J Bonson, daughter aged 8, born at Lambeth in Surrey
  • John Bonson, son aged 4, born at Lambeth in Surrey
  • Ann Bonson, mother, widow aged 74 late a dairy woman, born Eastwick in Herts

She died in 1852 aged 76 at Lower Bland Street, Southwark, London. Her death is recorded in the family bible;

"Mother died June 3rd 1852"
 

Descendents of William Bonson

 

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